Sydney Facts and Figures

Here are some quick Sydney facts and figures about Australia's largest city, its population and location.

  • Sydney is the capital of New South Wales.

  • It is the largest city in Australia.

  • It lies about 1000 km south of Brisbane and 900 km north of Melbourne.

  • Its geographic coordinates are 33 degrees south latitude and 151 degrees east longitude.

  • The area was discovered by James Cook in 1770. He did not proceed to Sydney Harbour, but anchored his ship, Endeavour, south of Port Jackson in Botany Bay, on the Kurnell Peninsula.

  • Sydney Australia was founded in 1788, when Arthur Phillip established the first British colony in Australia. He sailed from Botany Bay to Sydney Cove, the spot that today is home to Circular Quay, the Opera House and The Rocks.

  • Its population is over 4.5 million in 2011, which is 20% of the country's residents.

  • hyde park sydney australia Busy day in Hyde Park

  • The population grew by 9% over a 4 year period since the 2006 census.

  • The metropolitan area has about 650 suburbs that sprawl about 70 km to the west, 40 km to the north, and 60 to the south. These are just big rough numbers.

  • From The Rocks initially, and then a small area just around the harbour, which the residents call the City, the town spread out first to the south, then to the north and the west.

  • With the opening of the Harbour Bridge in 1932, access to the North shore became easier and quicker.

  • The worldwide quality of living Mercer surveys, which rank cities by their living standards score Sydney very high every year. The largest Australian city ranked at number 10 from 2008 to 2010 and at number 11 in 2011.

Sydney Facts - Culture

Sydney does not only have the best tourist attractions in the southern hemisphere. Its cultural life is very vibrant with numerous events throughout the year. And they do not happen just in the City where tourists tend to hang out.

There are artistic and community projects and manifestations in many suburbs. Most of them involve the public and offer ways to interact with the artists.

This is why the International Festivals and Events Association has acknowledged Sydney as the world's most outstanding city in the over one million population category.

The photos below show the bright colours and patterns projected on the Customs House during the Vivid Sydney Festival in 2011 and a sculpture tryptic displayed at Bondi Beach for the 2011 Sculpture by the Sea exhibition.

sydney facts - customs house during sydney vivid festival 2011 bondi beach australia 2011 sculpture by the sea

If you liked what you read, here are some population facts about Sydney Australia and more facts about Sydney's suburbs and roads connecting them.

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