The people who live Down Under come from various cultural backgrounds.
Australian Aboriginals have lived in this country for around 60,000 years. But most Australians are descendants of immigrants who settled the island continent starting in late 18th century.
The country's population was just under 4 million people at the start of the 20th century, almost doubled 45 years later and has more than tripled since then. And it is a different population now.
At the end of the Second World War, 7.5 million people, most of Anglo - Celtic origin inhabited this country. Around the same number of immigrants have arrived on Australian shores since then.
Today Australia has over 23,700,000 people. About 28% were born overseas. And an additional 20% have at least one parent born overseas.
Migrants have come from about 200 countries and have broadened the profile of the Australian population. Our society is today richer, it is a mixture of cultures that blend into the same tolerant and relaxed lifestyle.
People speak more languages, eat a variety of foods they did not know of before, play new sports and embrace new habits.
Statistically there are just 3 Australians per each square km. However more than 80% of the population lives within 100 km of the coast. And 62% live in capital cities.
Despite its huge territory, Australia is one of the most urbanised countries in the world.
Around 7,400,000 or just under one third of the Australian population lives in New South Wales (NSW), which makes it the most crowded state.
Sydney alone is home to about 60% of the inhabitants in NSW. With its 4.4 million people, it is the largest Australian city.
The state of Victoria comes second with 25% of the population of Australia. They cram in one of the smallest states, but by far the most densely populated.
And Melbourne is the second largest city in the country and home to about 72% of Victorians.
Queensland is much more balanced proportionally. It covers 22% of the country's area and has 20% of the population of Australia.
With a large number of coastal cities in this state, spread out along majestic beaches and offering both jobs and lifestyle choices, Brisbane has strong competitors. The capital city of Queensland accounts for less than 45% of this state's population.
Western Australia is the largest state in landmass but it only counts 11% of Australia's population. About over three quarters of them live in Perth.
A similar percentage of the 1.7 million South Australians have chosen Adelaide as the place to work and live.
Tasmania is home to about half a million people. This is almost two and a half times more than the population residing in the Northern Territories. To put things in perspective, Northern Territories rank third largest in land mass.
Tasmania may be the smallest state in land size but it is definitely worth a visit.
Less than 2% of Australia population lives in the country's capital, Canberra.
Here are more interesting facts about Australia including information about states and their population.
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