The 20th century was rich in events for the history of Australia. It started with the federation of colonies and ended with a prosperous, multicultural country.
On 1 January 1901 the 6 colonies federated to form the Commonwealth of Australia.
Melbourne was the capital, but the other major cities were strong competitors for the title. That is why, in 1908, a new location was chosen to build a new federal capital - Canberra.
The surrounding area forms today the Australian Capital Territories (ACT).
The country participated to both world wars and paid a heavy toll. Australian and New Zealand troops fought in the Middle East between 1914 and 1916.
Anzac Day, celebrated on 25 April, marks the anniversary of the first major military action fought by the joined forces during the First World War.
Anzac Day is embedded in the Australian history. It is the day when the country commemorates its heroes.
Anzac Memorial in Hyde Park, Sydney.
End of the second world war marked the start of a prosperity era for the country. And a change era.
Two million immigrants arrived in the following 30 years, mainly from Europe at the beginning. This was in line with the "White Australia" policy.
The abolition of this policy in the 1970's changed the face of the country.
Celebration of Chinese New Year - Parramatta
Different ethnic groups form the fabric of this country. People from 200 countries call Australia home.
Never in the history of Australia was multiculturalism stronger than it is today. It is reflected in our way of life, the foods we eat, the sports we play, the events we celebrate. It forms our diverse, cosmopolitan culture.